According to the latest report by CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), U.S. has 47.2% of adults aged 30 years and older have some form of periodontal disease. Periodontal diseases are the bacterial infections and inflammation of the gums and bones that surround and support the teeth.

According to the best dentist near Houston, in the initial stage of gum inflammation, it can swell, turn red, and bleed. This stage is called gingivitis. The advanced stage of the same condition is known as periodontitis. This is where along with the initial symptoms the tooth can get uprooted and drifted from the gums, bones can weaken, and ultimately, the tooth might get lost or fall off. Apart from tooth decay, periodontal disease is among the most harmful threats to oral health and is commonly seen in adults.

periodontal cleaning

What are the Causes of Periodontal Diseases?

Neglecting oral health and hygiene infects the tissue in the mouth, especially around the gums leads to the accumulation of bacteria. This causes inflammation and swelling resulting in periodontal disease. This bacteria build-up turns into plaque if remained for a long time on the teeth. If it hardens, it turns into tartar also known as calculus. It is challenging to clean the teeth at this stage as they could spread below the gum line. This calls for the best dentist in Houston TX to remove the calculus to put a stop to the damage.

What are the Warning Signs of Periodontal Diseases?

  • You should get alert if you feel pain or discomfort while chewing.
  • Spotting swelling or redness in gums.
  • A peculiar, foul breath or bitter taste constantly causing discomfort.
  • Loose and sensitive teeth.
  • Gums feeling tender. If it also starts to bleed, it is a warning sign.
  • Visibly receding gums.
  • A painful change in the way partial dentures fit.

What are the Risk Factors Involved with Periodontal Disease?

  • Hereditary often gets ignored. Instead, but should pay attention to the oral history of your family members so that you get a clear indication of whether or not you fall in the risk zone.
  • Crooked teeth are another major factor that results in periodontal disease as this leads to bacterial infection.
  • Poor oral hygiene can increase the risk for periodontal disease. Lack of dental hygiene would make the gums prone to bacteria. This requires the best dental care.
  • Did you know stress is also among the major factors that could result in periodontal disease? Although there may not be a direct link it could eventually lead to other causes leading to periodontal diseases.
  • Any kind of underlying immune deficiencies like AIDS

perio gum cleaning

What does Periodontal Maintenance mean?

It is a routine deep cleaning procedure to halt the deterioration of periodontal disease and gingivitis. It is done for the following reasons-

  • Removing calculus and plaque build-up.
  • Simply to get rid of the foul, constant bad breath or halitosis caused due to periodontal disease.
  • For a confident, pearly white smile. Removal of unsightly stains.

What does Periodontal Maintenance Include?

The prophylaxis begins with general anesthesia if the condition is severe or else a regular dental visit would do. In most cases, to protect the lungs from harmful bacteria, an endotracheal tube is placed in the throat.

The process is performed in the following stages-

  1. Supragingival cleaning- Calculus, and plaque is removed with the help of scaling tools and thoroughly cleaned.
  2. Subgingival cleaning – This step is significant for the ones suffering from periodontal disease. As the area beneath the gum line and gum pockets are cleaned and bacteria/ tartar are removed.
  3. Root planing – This step is carried out to ensure there are no signs of remaining bacteria. The tooth root is smoothened to eliminate sources of extreme damage.
  4. Medication- Following the above steps, to ease the pain and discomfort, an antibiotic cream is applied to the gum pockets. Antimicrobial creams are used to speed up healing.
  5. X-ray and assessment- This is a follow-up examination to detect affected areas that need immediate attention.

Periodontal cleaning vs Regular cleaning: Should you be concerned?

There is a difference and, in most cases, regular cleaning is suggested to avoid periodontal maintenance. While regular cleaning is a mere routine preventive care, periodontal cleaning, also known as deep cleaning includes regular cleaning or prophylaxis.

Deep cleaning would always include regular cleaning in the process. However, it is not the other way around. Regular cleaning is important to only maintain your oral health and the only way it remains effective is when you never miss an appointment. Periodontal maintenance or cleaning is applicable only when you have periodontal disease or lack good oral health.

Oral health calls for utmost care and precautions. Make sure to schedule appointments at smilebest dental Houston for regular cleaning and periodontal maintenance by the best dentist in Houston TX.

Gum diseases often occur due to bad oral hygiene and may lead to one losing their teeth. It is a serious infection to the gum which if not treated can lead to the destruction of the jaw bone.

Many symptoms include red, tender, and swollen gums. According to the best dentist in Houston TX, there are several treatments available for treating gum diseases which depend on the stage of the disease, your response to the treatments done prior, and also your health overall.

Talking about treatments, the range for it varies from therapies in a non-surgical treatment to get the bacterial growth in control moving to surgery to restore the tissue that supports the gum.

gum disease

Let us discuss the various treatments available to treat gum diseases.


These treatments are done when the gum disease is at a stage where no surgery is required.

Periodontal Gum Cleaning

Dental cleaning is done not when there is an active disease in the gum but as a preventive measure to help you avoid its development. Dental cleaning Houston involves the removal of tartar and plaque from below as well as above the gum line of the teeth. In case there are any symptoms of gum disease, a professional dental cleaning may be suggested two times a year by your dentist. Are periodontal cleanings necessary? Absolutely yes!

Scaling and Planing of Roots

The procedure of doing a deep cleaning of teeth is a non-surgical one and it is performed using local anesthesia. The tartar and plaque are scraped from below as well as above the gum line. This process is called the scaling of teeth.

The process of planning involves the smoothening of rough spots which are present on a tooth. This process helps in removing all the bacteria providing a cleaner surface for the gums so that the teeth can be reattached. In case your dentist feels that there is plaque and calculus under your gums that requires to be removed then he will advise root planing along with scaling as a remedial measure.


This is a treatment where surgery is required.

Flap / Pocket Reduction Surgery

This process involves the lifting back of gums so that the tarter can be removed. Some instances involve the smoothening of the surface of the bone which is damaged and irregular and which could be a hiding place for the bacteria that can cause diseases.

The next step to this process is the placing of the gums in such a way that enables the tissue to fit around the tooth.

Adental care Greenspoint suggests that this method helps in limiting the area between the tooth and gum for a minimal spread of bacteria as well as reduce the chances of severe dental problems.

grafting of bones

Grafting of bones

In the process of grafting of bone, fragments of one’s bone or a bone that has been donated or a synthetic bone are used for replacing the bone which has been damaged by gum disease. These grafts help in regrowing the bones by acting as a platform thus making the teeth stable.

Tissue engineering is a modern process that helps in enabling your own body to regenerate tissue as well as a bone at a faster pace.

Grafting of Soft Tissue

The grafting of soft tissues helps in filling spaces where there are receding gums. The grafted tissue is usually taken from the mouth’s roof after which is stitched to add tissue to the area which has been affected.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

This process is done by the best dental clinic in Houston when the bone which is supporting the teeth gets destroyed. It helps in stimulating the growth of gum tissue as well as bone. This process is performed along with flap surgery during which a tiny piece of fabric like a mesh is placed between the gum tissue and bone.

This prevents the growth of gum tissue in the space where the bone belongs to get the teeth to get better support.

Bone Surgery

This procedure helps in smoothing shallow craters which have developed in the bone loss that may be moderate or advanced. After flap surgery has been performed, the reshaping of the bone which is surrounding the tooth so that the craters can be decreased.

This process prevents the growth of bacteria around the tooth.

Gum disease can be caused by several reasons and the modern lifestyle often leads to ignorance of oral health care. People due to busy schedules tend to neglect their teeth which can lead to serious tooth and gum problems.

Above is the list of treatments both surgical as well as non-surgical that can help you if you are suffering or prone to gum diseases. But before that, a proper check-up and correct diagnosis at the best dental clinics in Houston is important to know at what stage you are in and what treatment you should go for.

Union Dental Houston is the best source of help for you.

Chilled ice cream.  Hot coffee. Sour hard candies. If you have a bad experience with any of these items it is most probably because of tooth sensitivity. Along with these hot and cold edibles, flossing and brushing also give you a hard time occasionally. According to union dental Houston TX, this condition occurs when receding gums lead to exposure of nerves in the tooth. It could also happen due to worn tooth enamel.

teeth sensitivity

What Causes Tooth Sensitivity?

  • Daily Nutrition- A lot of times tooth sensitivity happens due to external factors like overuse of teeth whitening products and treatments, brushing your teeth harshly, consuming acidic foods and drinks like tomatoes, coffee, wine, etc. daily lead to wearing of tooth enamel.
  • Exposed nerve roots– The most natural cause of tooth sensitivity begins in the pulp of your tooth. Gum diseases or receding gums lead to exposure of tooth roots that consequently leads to hypersensitivity of the nerves. This results in extreme pain sensation on eating or drinking extremely cold or hot foods and drinks.
  • Cracked tooth– With age or due to external factors our teeth tend to contract and expand. This leads to tiny cracks. These cracks make way for tiny gaps and openings to the nerves resulting in teeth sensitivity.

tooth decay

  • Gum disease or Tooth Decay– Experts at union dental Houston suggest that if there is sensitivity in the tooth despite not consuming something hot or cold, it could be gum disease or tooth decay at an early stage. This worsens due to plaque build-up on the gums and teeth. According to studies, sensitivity mostly begins at the gum line.
  • Receding gums– Persistent discomfort and pain due to cold and hot food items is a worrisome condition and should not go unchecked. In this case, get your gum line checked and see if they are not pulling away from your teeth. It is the most common cause of sensitivity in the tooth nerve.
  • Stress– The most unexpected but definitely not uncommon. Stress and anxiety can get you grinding your teeth a lot which leads to the loss of tooth enamel. Consult experts at ADental care to know about more options on protecting your teeth.
  • Other Dental factors– There are other possible causes like-
    • Worn fillings
    • Tooth fracture
    • Cavities
    • Post-Dental treatment effect

What do the best dental clinics of Texas suggest?

Although the treatment depends entirely on the cause and condition of your teeth, there are varieties of remedies and treatments that are suggested by a dental care 77087:

  • Use desensitizing toothpaste – Toothpaste formulated for tooth sensitivity is designed to treat the gum line and block the sensation from reaching the nerve. This eventually reduces teeth sensitivity and fights plaque and cavities.
  • Reduce acidic and cold foods and drinks- It would be best to decrease your intake of acidic edibles like coffee, wine, tomatoes, ice cream, etc. Although, it cannot act as a permanent solution cutting down would immensely help your condition.
  • Inlay, bonding, or crown- such treatments are suggested to reverse and treat tooth decay and other concerned flaws that lead to tooth sensitivity.
  • Root canal- In case, tooth sensitivity continues for days with persistent pain and discomfort, a root canal is suggested to eliminate the issue.
  • Use a soft-bristle toothbrush- A toothbrush with sharp bristles leads to gum irritation that leads to tooth sensitivity. This is why a dentist near 77093 recommended using a soft toothbrush and dental floss.
  • Fluoride Gel- A common technique suggested by Houston dental clinic to reduce sensitivity and strengthen tooth enamel is by applying fluoride gel.


To conclude, it is possible to cure tooth sensitivity at home but it would be best to take it to your dentist at Adental care if the condition persists for more than three days. You must not delay it as it could be an indication of an unidentified cavity or gum disease.


Adental Care

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At A Dental Care, we are proud to offer personalized, high-quality dental care for patients of all ages. From children and teenagers to adults and seniors, we are committed to providing you with the comprehensive dentistry you need to keep your smile both healthy and beautiful for life.


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