What are the Types & Causes of Mouth Sores?

September 28, 2021 0

Most people get affected by mouth sores at some stage in their life. Sores in the mouth are very common among people and you need not worry as they can be cured through the best dental care. You can develop sores anywhere in the mouth. The places may include the lips, tongue, roof, and floor of the mouth, gums, and cheeks. The esophagus can also develop sores.

Mouth sores such as canker sores may last for a fortnight or less. These may cause very little irritation. But there are some instances where these mouth sores are a sign of mouth cancer or herpes simplex which is a viral infection. The best dentist in Houston can help you treat them.

Types of Mouth Sores

Mouth sores can be of many types and have many varied effects. Below are some of the types to help you understand.

  • Cold sores may occur in areas near the lips and mouth in the form of blisters which are painful, red, and filled with fluid.
  • Gingivomatitis is commonly seen in the gums and mouths of children.
  • Infectious Mononucleosis is a common mouth sore seen in youngsters, especially school and college crowd.
  • Canker sores are mild sores that are generally harmless and heal within a few weeks.
  • Oral Lichen Planus is another type of mouth sore that is an inflammatory disorder that affects the tongue, lips, gums, and cheeks and can cause bleeding and pain while brushing and eating.


Some of the common symptoms of mouth sores are

  • Tingling and burning sensation in the affected area.
  • Pain while drinking or eating
  • Difficulty in talking, breathing, eating, swallowing, or drinking
  • Rashes
  • Diarrhea
  • Pain in the joints
  • Fever

Causes of Mouth Sores

According to Dental Clinics of Texas, mouth sores can be caused due to many reasons such as brushing the teeth very hard, use of a harsh toothbrush, tobacco chewing, mouth burns, biting of the lip, cheek, or tongue, and being affected by the herpes simplex virus.

Canker sores can be caused by hormonal changes, deficiency of vitamin b12 and folate. Stress and illness that leads to the immune system becoming weak, issues related to the intestines like irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn’s disease.

Mouth sores can also be caused by oral thrush, Gingivomatitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, autoimmune disorders, bleeding disorders, cancers, radiation, chemotherapy, infectious mononucleosis, celiac disease, aids, organ transplant that has been done recently, a viral, bacterial or fungal infection.

Diagnosis of Mouth Sores

Some mouth sores can be diagnosed easily whereas there are some instances when it is advisable to consult experts at smilebest dental Houston.

  • If you notice sores or white patches, have sores that are stubborn or tend to become more severe, or
  • If you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation, or
  • If you are suffering from herpes simplex or any other infection, or
  • If you have undergone a transplant recently

Houston dentist will make a thorough examination of the tongue and lips. In case there is any suspicion of cancer, a biopsy may be performed along with a few tests.

Treatment of Mouth Sores

Mouth sores which are minor heal on their own within a fortnight or take a few more weeks. There are a few measures that can be taken for relieving the pain and also speed up the healing process and helping in faster healing.

Gargling with salt water, refraining from foods that are spicy, hot, salty, and citrus in nature, and having high sugar content. Having cold foods such as popsicles, soft drinks, and more. Avoiding alcohol and tobacco, taking a pain killer, applying a thin paste of water and baking soda, dabbing with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and water, avoiding touching or squeezing the blisters or sores will help to heal faster.

Prevention of Mouth Sores

Mouth sores can be prevented by eating a balanced diet, avoiding foods and drinks which are very hot, avoiding spicy food, chewing slowly, using a soft toothbrush, decreasing stress, following regular oral hygiene, drinking a lot of water, taking supplements of vitamin B, and using a lip balm with SPF 15 can help in preventing mouth sores. Mouth sores generally do not have any long-term effects. The sores can reappear if you are suffering from herpes simplex or are not maintaining proper oral health.

There may be some instances where scarring after the sores are recovered. There may be some common outbreaks if you have been exposed to the sun a lot, are undergoing stress, have a weak immune system, or are suffering from some illness. Sores in the mouth are very common among people and can be prevented by taking a few precautions as well as following regular and proper oral hygiene.

Hope this article answers all your questions concerning mouth sores, their symptoms and how to treat them, and most importantly how to prevent them from disturbing your life. Visit the Houston dental clinic for the best treatment of mouth sores.

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